How To Take Agricultural Loan

How To Apply For An Agriculture Loan – Crop Loan Interest Rates And Banks Offering

About 58% of India’s population is supported by agriculture which contributes nearly 14% to India’s GDP. Nonetheless, most farmers require financial assistance to produce quality crops yearly. The Government and many other financial organisations offer agriculture loans to help them get through tough times and manage their finances. 

It is important to have an effective and efficient rural credit delivery system to ensure timely, appropriate, and equal access to loans for increased agricultural profits and productivity.

What is an Agriculture loan?

Agriculture loans are loans that farmers use for various needs, including acquiring farming and irrigation equipment, growing crops, and financing other agriculture-related activities. Also known as crop loans, they can also be used to purchase materials like fertilisers, seeds and insecticides, and hire labour to cultivate and harvest the crops.

Banks, Government agencies, and microfinance firms provide agricultural loans to assist in developing India’s agricultural sector. Compared to other types of loans available to individuals, agriculture loans have lower interest rates.

Purposes of Agriculture Loan

Farmers may require agriculture loans for the following reasons: 

  • Land acquisition
  • Purchasing farm machinery
  • Fish farming
  • Meeting the demands of seasonal farming
  • Creating a dairy or a small poultry operation
  • Day-to-day operations
  • Working capital requirement, etc.

It can also be used as tractor loans or for buying land, constructing farmhouses and other buildings on the land, buying farm machines and harvesters, buying seeds, fertilisers and pesticides and other inputs required for farming operations.

Banks that Offer Agriculture Loans in 2023

Lender’s NameInterest RatesProcessing Fees
IndusInd BankStarting from 7% p.a. 1.25% of the loan amount + GST
State Bank of IndiaStarting from 7.25% p.a. 0% p.a. to 1.25% p.a. 
IDBI BankStarting from 7% p.a. At the discretion of the bank
Karur Vysya BankStarting from 8% p.a.At the discretion of the Bank
Central Bank of IndiaStarting from 7% p.a. At the discretion of the Bank
ICICI BankStarting from 7.25% p.a. Up to 2% (plus applicable taxes) of the facility amount
HDFC BankStarting from 7.2% p.a.Up to 2% + GST

Types of Agriculture Loans in India

There are numerous types of agriculture loans in India available for farmers. They can be categorised based on tenure, end-use, and other categories of loans as mentioned below:

1. Based on Tenure

Based on tenure, there are two types of agricultural loans:

  1. Agriculture Term Loan
    Agriculture term loans extend for longer and are provided to borrowers to cover non-seasonal agricultural expenses. 
    The funds can be used to buy new machinery or improve old ones, install windmills and solar panels, and other renewable energy sources. Further, they can also be agriculture land purchase loans. 
    The repayment tenure is flexible, allowing borrowers to repay the loan quickly or extend it over the longer term.
  2. Kisan Credit Card (KCC)/Crop Loans
    KCC or crop loans are short-term loans provided to farmers to help them meet their seasonal financial needs.
    The funds can be used to buy seeds, sow crops, and grow them, among other things. These loans are usually minimal and are given so that farmers can satisfy their seasonal needs. 

2. Based on End-Use

Based on the end-use, there are three types of agricultural loans:

  1. Solar Pump Set Loan
    A solar pump set loan is the best alternative for a farmer involved in most irrigation projects who need money to purchase a photovoltaic pumping system.
  2. Farm Mechanisation Loan
    Farmers can get farm mechanisation loans to buy, repair, or upgrade their farm machinery. 
    A few banks offer agricultural mechanisation loans, while others specialise in sub-categories such as drip irrigation, combine harvester or tractor loans.
  3. Loan for Allied Agricultural Activities
    Farmers can use this crop loan to cover their current financial and long-term investment needs for associated agricultural activities.

Other Types of Agriculture Loans

Other types of agriculture loans include:

1. Agricultural Gold Loan

This loan can be obtained by using gold as collateral. It covers various farming expenses, such as purchasing machinery or crop production costs. These loans usually have a low-interest rate and allow farmers to employ gold that would otherwise be sitting idle in a locker.

2. Horticulture Loan

Farmers establishing vegetable farms can seek a horticulture loan, which covers the costs of running such farms and other horticulture activities like cutting wild trees, erecting fences, etc. 

3. Forestry Loan

A forestry loan can be applied for farmers who grow crops on trees. The loan can cover the costs of activities such as turning barren land into farmed land, installing irrigation channels, eradicating wild forests, etc.

Types of agriculture loans that banks provide

BankSome Types of Agriculture Loans 
State Bank of India (SBI)Kisan Credit CardTractor LoanCombine Harvester LoanMultipurpose Gold LoanKCC for Allied ActivitiesIrrigation Loan Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY) – Allied Agri Scheme for Debt Swapping of Borrowers
Karur Vysya BankGreen Card / Green Card Plus (Kisan Card)Warehouse Receipt LoanKisan TatkalJewel LoanGreen HarvesterLoans for Horticulture ProjectsPoultry LoanDairy LoanKVB Agriculture Infrastructure Fund
National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)Agriclinic and Agribusiness Centres SchemeNew Agricultural Marketing InfrastructureNational Livestock Mission
Induslnd BankProduction Loan (CC)Investment Loan (TL)Hi-Tech Agriculture (OD)Hi-Tech Agriculture (TL)

Features and Benefits of Agriculture Loan

A few features and benefits of agriculture loans include:

  1. Low-interest rate
  2. Minimal paperwork (only a few documents, such as photo identification, proof of address, and a land title deed, are required)
  3. Most lenders typically process agricultural loan applications within a few business days.
  4. Farmers can pay back the debt at any time. They are eligible to apply for both short and long-term loans.
  5. Agriculture loans are transparent, with all associated fees listed up front. 
  6. Depending on the applicant’s background and the loan amount requested, some lenders may also offer unsecured agricultural loans.
  7. The agricultural loan amount can be used for various agrarian objectives, from short-term seasonal farm operations to long-term farm machinery investments and a loan to buy agricultural land. 

Documents Required to Apply for an Agriculture Loan

For an agricultural loan, most lenders require the following documents:

  • Two photos (passport size)
  • An application form that has been duly completed
  • Kisan credit card
  • Voter ID, Aadhar card, PAN card, ration card as proof of identity
  • Utility bills (electricity/water bills), Aadhaar cards, voter ID, etc., can be used as proof of address.
  • Bank statements, ITRs, etc., can be used as proof of income.

How to Apply for an Agriculture Loan in India?

There are different types of loans available, offered by various Government, commercial, agriculture banks and corporate banks. A borrower may study the many possibilities available to them based on the loan’s purpose.

Applicants can apply for the loan in two ways:

  1. Online – If applicants opt for the online method, they can use the official website, fill out the application form, attach the relevant documents and click on apply now.
  2. Offline – If applicants prefer the traditional route, they need to ensure they have all the relevant documentation on hand so that the procedure can be completed swiftly.

There will be a verification process regardless of whether one applies online or offline, and the loan will only be disbursed once the application has been authorised.

Things to Remember while Applying for an Agriculture Loan

A few things to remember when applying for an agriculture loan are:

  • Research about the lender as numerous finance companies provides farm loans.
  • Figure out the financial needs depending on the type of farming one wants, or if they need finance for agriculture equipment.
  • Check the eligibility requirements of the lenders and keep the documents handy.
  • Have a good understanding of interest rates.
  • Check for offers and know the features of agricultural loans.

Final Word Agricultural Loan

If you are interested in securing an agriculture loan specifically for farming or agricultural means, make sure that you know all the rules and regulations. Some lenders may offer generous terms, others less so – knowing whether these terms suit your needs is vital before applying for the loan.

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